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Arizona is a constituent state of the United States of America with the most telescopes in the world. It is the sixth largest state in the country in terms of area. Arizona is located in the southwestern quadrant of the states. It is bordered by California to the west, New Mexico to the east, Nevada to the northwest, Utah to the north, and the Mexican state of Sonora to the south. The Colorado River generates the boundary with California and Nevada. Phoenix is situated in the south-central part of the state and is the capital as well as the largest city. On February 14, 1912, Arizona achieved statehood and it is the last of the 48 United States to be admitted to the union.

Arizona adopted its first state flag on February 27, 1917, just five years after attaining statehood. The Arizona flag was designed under the inspiration of the state’s own natural settings rather than military colors or other banners of the Civil War (1861-1865) which was something of consideration by almost every state during flag composition. The flag has rays above the dark blue stripe that suggests a colorful Arizona sunset over a desert in shadow as well as the central star representing the prosperity of the state in copper-production. The star is expected to be represented in metallic copper but usually is falsely manufactured in an orange-tan shade. The red and yellow are colours inherited from the Spanish flag recalling early explorers of the area while the shades of red and blue are the same as those in the Stars and Stripes representing American patriotism.

The design of the flag was composed by Charles W. Harris who was the adjutant general of the Arizona National Guard and the first copy was sewn by Nancy Hayden who was the wife of Carl Hayden, a service person at US congress for 56 years.The flag was carried by the Arizona National Guard rifle team during a trip to Ohio before its adoption in 1917.